Rosanah Wife of George A. Barnard

Rosanah Wife of George A. Barnard

Rosanah Wife of George A. Barnard

The head­stone says, Rosanah Wife of George A. Barnard. Who would know she was mar­ried at 16, mother at 17, widow at 18? Years later but still in her early 20s she became the wife of George Allen Barnard, and together they became my great-great-great grandparents.

How did she feel, in barely-settled Kit­tan­ning, widow and mother at only 18? Her mother had died, and her step-mother was barely older than she.

I won­der if she saw lit­tle but a hope­less life before her. She lived 81 years, and her son lived to be 98. I like how her memo­r­ial dom­i­nates the sky­line at Glade Run Pres­by­ter­ian Church ceme­tery, Day­ton, Arm­strong County Pennsylvania.

7. George Allen Barnard (1809–1885) was the son of George Barnard and Sally Higley. Rosanah John­ston (1814–1896) was the daugh­ter of David R. John­ston and Isabella Robin­son.

6. George Barnard (1782–1862) was the son of Fran­cis Barnard Jr. and Chloe Mills.

5. Fran­cis Barnard Jr. (1741–1828) was the son of Fran­cis Barnard Sr. and Lucre­tia Pinney.

4. Fran­cis Barnard Sr. (1719–1789) was the son of Joseph Barnard Jr. and Abi­gail Griswold.

3. Joseph Barnard Jr. (1681–1736) was the son of Joseph Barnard Sr. and Sarah Strong.

2. Joseph Barnard Sr. (ca. 1650–1695) was the son of Fran­cis Barnard and Han­nah Meru­ell. Sarah Strong (1655/56–1732/33) was the daugh­ter of Elder John Strong and Abi­gail Ford.

1. Fran­cis Barnard (ca. 1617–1697/98). Han­nah Meru­ell (ca. 1627-ca. 1675). Elder John Strong (1605–1699). Abi­gail Ford (1608–1688).

Mother-Daughter married Father-Son

Sarah Strong (1656–1733), daugh­ter of Elder John Strong (abt. 1610–1699) and Abi­gail Ford (1619–1688), mar­ried a sec­ond time after her hus­band Joseph Barnard (1650–1695) died. She had been left with 9 chil­dren liv­ing at home and one child was born six months after her husband’s death.

In Sep­tem­ber of 1698, three years to the month after her husband’s death, she mar­ried the wid­ower Cap­tain Jonathan Wells. Together they had the child David, born 31 Jan­u­ary 1700, who died soon.

Rebecca Barnard (1686–1718) was 11 years old when she became part of the com­bined house­hold of Jonathan and Sarah Wells. Jonathan Wells Jr. (1684–1735), son of Jonathan Wells and Hep­z­ibah Colton, was two years older than Rebecca, a teenager liv­ing in their same house­hold. Ten years later, on 13 March 1717/18, they mar­ried. They were not related by blood, but indeed we had mother and daugh­ter marry father and son!

Rebecca, sad to say, died 14 Novem­ber 1718, merely eight and a half months after her marriage.

The rest of this arti­cle quotes ver­ba­tim from Fran­cis Barnard (ca. 1616–1698) and his Descen­dants Part D by Dr. Walther M. Barnard, pages 1019–1020, used with per­mis­sion. This is all the infor­ma­tion he gath­ered about Rebecca, daugh­ter of Joseph Barnard and Sarah Strong.

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Alternate copies of Sarah Strong Barnard’s Birth Records

Children of Joseph and Sarah Strong Barnard

Chil­dren of Joseph and Sarah Strong Barnard

Click on either image to see it full size. Both images were taken from the Deer­field Vital Records col­lec­tions at the Wis­con­sin His­tor­i­cal Soci­ety in Madi­son, Wis­con­sin. The two records were from dif­fer­ent books. Each of the books was sorted dif­fer­ently from the other. How­ever, it appears clear that both were copied from the same orig­i­nal “Old Book” of Vital Records for Deer­field, Massachusetts.

Both had their own page num­ber­ing sys­tems, but both also label this entry as “Page 2.” Joseph Barnard was the first Town Clerk of Deer­field. It appears that the orig­i­nal Old Book had one page allo­cated to each fam­ily. When a new fam­ily had their first child, they got listed on the next empty page of the Old Book. Since Joseph prob­a­bly cre­ated the book, he nat­u­rally started the book with his own fam­ily on page 2.

The first image reads:

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Prince William, Duke of Cambridge

William and Kate Wedding

The British royal fam­ily on Buck­ing­ham Palace bal­cony after Prince William and Kate Mid­dle­ton were mar­ried. Kate wears a wed­ding gown by Sarah Bur­ton. Photo dated 2011-04-29 16:31 (UTC). Used with per­mis­sion from the Wikipedia arti­cle.

On March 20, 1630, the ship Mary and John departed Ply­mouth, Eng­land. The great fleet of four­teen ships and 1500 emi­grants, the “Winthrop Fleet,” were bound for New Eng­land and the Mass­a­chu­setts Bay Colony.

The ship Mary and John, Cap­tain Squeb, Mas­ter, landed at Nan­tas­ket, Mass­a­chu­setts on May 30, 1630.

Strong fam­ily tra­di­tion, based on the account writ­ten by Gov­er­nor Caleb Strong in 1777, main­tains that Elder John Strong was a pas­sen­ger on Mary and John in 1630. No defin­i­tive records exist, and there­fore we have no con­tem­po­rary proof of who was or was not aboard Mary and John in 1630.

Rev. Syd­ney Strong in the Hamp­shire Daily Gazette, April 5, 1934, Northamp­ton, MA, has this to say:

Con­sid­er­ing the com­mu­nity, the char­ac­ter of the peo­ple involved, their close and inti­mate rela­tions, it is not pos­si­ble for me to con­ceive how an idea like John Strong com­ing in 1630, with Warham, etc. could get into the mind of Gov. Strong, unless it was a fact. There were peo­ple in Northamp­ton for 100 years who would be able to cor­rect a story that John Strong came in 1630, with the Mary & John com­pany, if it weren’t true.

(From Search for the Pas­sen­gers of the Mary & John, Vol. 2, by Bur­ton Spear.)

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2012 Strong Family Reunion

2012 Reunion and Fam­ily Vacation

of the
Strong Fam­ily Asso­ci­a­tion of America

Join us in San­dusky, Ohio
August 10–11, 2012

Great Wolf Lodge Water Park

Sandusky Ohio 1898

San­dusky Ohio 1898

Great Wolf Lodge
4600 Milan Road (US 250) – San­dusky, OH 44870 – 419–609-6000

  • Fam­ily Suites are $162.00/night (plus 11.5% tax) for two (2) Queen Beds and Pull­out Sofa Sleeper.
  • The rate includes four (4) water park passes per day.
  • The rate is guar­an­teed if reser­va­tions are made by JULY 10, 2012.
  • When mak­ing your reser­va­tion, men­tion #1208STRO.
  • Addi­tional water park passes can be pur­chased at the front desk at $25.00/ea.

(For guests that will not want water park passes)
5410 Milan Road (US250) – San­dusky, OH 44870 – 419–625-7070 then “0” (ask for Annette)

  • Rooms have two (2) Dou­ble Beds w/Complimentary Con­ti­nen­tal Breakfast.
  • Located .05 mile from Great Wolf Lodge.
  • Room Rates: $89.99/night (plus 11.5% tax)
  • Fri­day and Sat­ur­day Nights Only at this rate

Reg­is­tra­tion and Sched­ule for the Weekend

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John Barnard and the Battle of Bloody Brook

Battle of Bloody Brook

Bat­tle of Bloody Brook

Click on the image to see it full size.

Sarah Strong (1656–1733) was the daugh­ter of Elder John Strong (abt. 1610–1699) and Abi­gail Ford (1619–1688) of Northamp­ton, MA. On 13 June 1675 she mar­ried Joseph Barnard. Three months later, her brother in law, John Barnard (ca. 1646–1675), was killed by Indi­ans at the Bat­tle of Bloody Brook, on 18 Sep­tem­ber 1675. Twenty years later, on that very same day of 18 Sep­tem­ber 1695, her hus­band Joseph Barnard Sr. died after being “wounded by ye Enimie.”

Please take a moment and see the excel­lent pho­tos on Libby Klekowski’s Bat­tle of Bloody Brook page. You can see the area, the mon­u­ments, and their loca­tion to Bloody Brook in South Deer­field, Mass­a­chu­setts. I do not have per­mis­sion to take her words or her pho­tographs, which is why I am ask­ing you to look at her page before con­tin­u­ing read­ing here.

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Sarah Strong, the Barnard children, and the Raid on Deerfield

Sarah Strong (1656–1733), daugh­ter of Elder John Strong (abt. 1610–1699) and Abi­gail Ford (1619–1688), mar­ried a sec­ond time after her hus­band Joseph Barnard (1650–1695) was killed by Indi­ans. She mar­ried Cap­tain Jonathan Wells who, at age 16, had become known as the “boy hero” at the fight of Turner’s Falls.

Deer­field Raid 1704

Click on the image to see it full size.

The raid itself was not as well coor­di­nated as other raids of the time. A few men climbed up the snow drifts and were able to cross the pal­isade. They opened the north gate of the for­ti­fied town. The attack­ers swept through the north gate and worked from house to house.

Sarah and her fam­ily lived in a for­ti­fied house at the other end of town — and thus she and the Barnards survived.

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Jonathan Wells, “Boy Hero”

Sarah Strong (1656–1733), daugh­ter of Elder John Strong (abt. 1610–1699) and Abi­gail Ford (1619–1688), mar­ried a sec­ond time after her hus­band Joseph Barnard (1650–1695) was killed by Indi­ans. She mar­ried Cap­tain Jonathan Wells/Welles who, at age 16, had become known as the “boy hero” at the fight of Turner’s Falls.

Wikipedia gives a brief account of the sit­u­a­tion:

Turner Monument

Bat­tle of Turn­ers Falls

The Bat­tle of Turner’s Falls, also known as the Peskeomp­s­cut mas­sacre, was fought on May 19, 1676, dur­ing King Philip’s War, in present-day Gill, Mass­a­chu­setts, near a falls on the Con­necti­cut River. The site is across the river from the vil­lage of Turn­ers Falls. A band of Eng­lish colonists under the com­mand of Cap­tain William Turner fell upon the poorly guarded Indian vil­lage of Peskeomp­s­cut near the falls at dawn, slaugh­ter­ing many of its inhab­i­tants. Many of the war­riors in the camp escaped, and they regrouped with those from other nearby camps to dis­pute the Eng­lish retreat, dur­ing which Turner was killed.


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Account Book of Joseph Barnard

Sarah Strong (1656–1733), daugh­ter of Elder John Strong (abt. 1610–1699) and Abi­gail Ford (1619–1688) mar­ried Joseph Barnard (1650–1695). Joseph Barnard was the first Town Clerk of Deer­field, Massachusetts.

The Pocum­tuck Val­ley Memo­r­ial Asso­ca­tion, Deer­field, MA, host a num­ber of arti­facts online. They write:

Account Book of Joseph Barnard

Account Book of Joseph Barnard

Like many peo­ple in New Eng­land, Joseph Barnard (1641–1695) of Deer­field, Mass­a­chu­setts, kept an account book. In its pages Barnard recorded the goods, labor, and ser­vices he exchanged with his trad­ing part­ners. Joseph served as Deerfield’s first town clerk and was con­sid­ered a “pru­dent man.” Barnard’s account entries ended abruptly in 1695. He died after being wounded in an Indian ambush. Barnard and four other armed men were attacked on August 21 as they rode with sacks of grain to grind at a mill about three miles away. In his writ­ten report of the inci­dent to the Gov­er­nor, John Pyn­chon of Mass­a­chu­setts called Barnard’s death “a Hum­bling prov­i­dence, he being a very use­ful & help­ful man in ye place so much under dis­cour­age­ment, & will ye more find & feel ye want of him.”

Click the links below to see these inter­est­ing artifacts:

I’m sure you’ll enjoy brows­ing through more of the dig­i­tal library. Watch for the “See Also” links on the right side of each page.

Joseph Barnard and Sarah Strong

Sarah Strong, daugh­ter of Elder John Strong and Abi­gail Ford, was born in 1656 at Wind­sor, CT. In today’s world, Sarah would have been called “Lady of the Year.” She must have been styl­ish and well dressed for she was fined 10 shillings and costs (2 shillings and 6 pence) in 1673 for wear­ing silk, con­trary to law.

In 1675 at 18 years of age, Sarah mar­ried Joseph Barnard, son of Fran­cis and Han­nah (Merrill/Muriel) Barnard, early Puri­tan set­tlers of Hart­ford, CT. Joseph was well edu­cated and well trained for one of his time. Joseph and Sarah moved from Northamp­ton, MA, and were one the group of first set­tlers of Deer­field, MA, where Joseph was mor­tally wounded by Indi­ans in 1695. Sarah was left with 9 chil­dren liv­ing at home and one child was born in March of 1696, six months after Joseph’s death.

In 1698 Sarah mar­ried a sec­ond time to Cap­tain Jonathan Wells, hero in King William’s War (1689–1697). Sarah was buried in the “Old Bur­ial Ground,” Deer­field, MA. Her marker still stands near her sec­ond husband’s marker and a few feet from her first husband’s marker. From Strong Fam­ily His­tory Update Vol­ume III p. 439.

Joseph Barnard Headstone

Joseph Barnard Headstone

Joseph’s grave­stone is inscribed:

6th 1695

Pho­to­graph by Walther M. Barnard, 15 August 2001, from “The Descen­dants of Fran­cis Barnard, Part A,” per­mis­sion for use granted to the Strong Fam­ily Asso­ci­a­tion of America.

Accord­ing to Shel­don, A His­tory of Deer­field, MA, II, p. 65, Joseph Barnard was a tai­lor, sur­veyor, and farmer. He was one of the fore­most in the per­ma­nent set­tle­ment of the town of Deer­field, MA. He was Recorder for the Pro­pri­etors, the first Town Clerk, and Clerk of the Writs in 1690. His grave­stone bears the old­est date of any in the old bury­ing yard.

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