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Sarah Strong (1656–1733) was the daughter of Elder John Strong (abt. 1610–1699) and Abigail Ford (1619–1688) of Northampton, MA. On 13 June 1675 she married Joseph Barnard. Three months later, her brother in law, John Barnard (ca. 1646–1675), was killed by Indians at the Battle of Bloody Brook, on 18 September 1675. Twenty years later, on that very same day of 18 September 1695, her husband Joseph Barnard Sr. died after being “wounded by ye Enimie.”
Please take a moment and see the excellent photos on Libby Klekowski’s Battle of Bloody Brook page. You can see the area, the monuments, and their location to Bloody Brook in South Deerfield, Massachusetts. I do not have permission to take her words or her photographs, which is why I am asking you to look at her page before continuing reading here.
Sylvester Judd, History of Hadley (published 1905), pp. 139–141, announces CAPT. LOTHROP AND HIS COMPANY SLAIN AT MUDDY BROOK:
A large quantity of grain at Deerfield had been thrashed and teams and drivers provided to convey the grain and other articles to Hadley. Capt. Lothrop and his company were to guard them, and they commenced their march on Saturday, Sept. 18th . The eastern Indians had crossed to the west side of the river and united with the others; and they had watched the movements of the English without being discovered. The succeeding account is from Mather.
September 18, Captain Lothrop, a godly and courageous commander, with abou[t] seventy men, were sent to be as a guard to some that were coming from Deerfield with cart[s] laden with goods and provisions, to be removed to Hadley for security. But as they wer[e] coming, the Indians lurked in the swamps and multitudes of them made a sudden and frightful assault.
They seized upon the carts and goods, (many of the soldiers having been so foolish and secure as to put their arms in the carts, and step aside to gather grapes, which proved dear and deadly grapes to them,) killed Capt. Lothrop and above three score of his men, stripped them of their clothes, and so left them to lie weltering in their own blood.
Capt. Mosely, who was gone out [from Deerfield] to range the woods, hearing the guns, hastened to their help, but before he could come, the other captain and his men were slain, as hath been expressed. Nevertheless he gave the Indians battle; they were in such numbers as that he and his company were in extreme danger.
In the nick of time, Major Treat with above an hundred men, and three score of Uncas his Indians, came in to succor those that were so beset with the enemy, whereupon the enemy presently retreated and night coming on, there was no pursuing of them. In this fight but few of Capt. Mosely’s men were slain. How many Indians were killed is uncertain; it being their manner to draw away their dead men as fast as they are killed, if possibly they can do it.
I am informed that some of the Indians have reported that they lost ninety-six men that day, and that they had above forty wounded, many of whom died afterwards. However, this was a black and fatal day, wherein there were eight persons made widows and six and twenty children made fatherless, all in one little plantation [Deerfield] and in one day; and above sixty persons buried in one dreadful grave.
Major Treat and Capt. Mosely went to Deerfield that night, and returned to Muddy brook the next morning, and buried the dead.
Accounts differ as to the number of English slain. The “List of men slain in the county of Hampshire” made out by Rev. Mr. Russell, of Hadley, says seventy-one men were slain at Muddy Brook bridge, the 18th of September. This statement is more to be depended on than any other. It includes all the teamsters that were killed. [Among the Deerfield teamsters named was John Barnard, son of Francis Barnard of Hadley.]
- Battle of Bloody Brook (University of Massachusetts Amherst)
- Battle of Bloody Brook (Wikipedia)
- Deerfield Massachusetts (Wikipedia)
- Bloody Brook Farm (Established 1950) click on their Tour page to see beautiful photos of the area
- Bloody Brook Deaths (Mayflower Families)
- Bloody Brook Mass Grave (Find A Grave)
- Memorial Hall Museum Online (Deerfield, MA) search for Bloody Brook. I see classroom curriculum, a poem, an address delivered at South Deerfield 31 August 1838 upon the completion of the Bloody Brook Monument, Leaving for Bloody Brook, Battle Summary Sheets, etc.