John Barnard and the Battle of Bloody Brook

Battle of Bloody Brook

Bat­tle of Bloody Brook

Click on the image to see it full size.

Sarah Strong (1656–1733) was the daugh­ter of Elder John Strong (abt. 1610–1699) and Abi­gail Ford (1619–1688) of Northamp­ton, MA. On 13 June 1675 she mar­ried Joseph Barnard. Three months later, her brother in law, John Barnard (ca. 1646–1675), was killed by Indi­ans at the Bat­tle of Bloody Brook, on 18 Sep­tem­ber 1675. Twenty years later, on that very same day of 18 Sep­tem­ber 1695, her hus­band Joseph Barnard Sr. died after being “wounded by ye Enimie.”

Please take a moment and see the excel­lent pho­tos on Libby Klekowski’s Bat­tle of Bloody Brook page. You can see the area, the mon­u­ments, and their loca­tion to Bloody Brook in South Deer­field, Mass­a­chu­setts. I do not have per­mis­sion to take her words or her pho­tographs, which is why I am ask­ing you to look at her page before con­tin­u­ing read­ing here.

Sylvester Judd, His­tory of Hadley (pub­lished 1905), pp. 139–141, announces CAPT. LOTHROP AND HIS COMPANY SLAIN AT MUDDY BROOK:

A large quan­tity of grain at Deer­field had been thrashed and teams and dri­vers pro­vided to con­vey the grain and other arti­cles to Hadley.  Capt. Lothrop and his com­pany were to guard them, and they com­menced their march on Sat­ur­day, Sept. 18th [1675].  The east­ern Indi­ans had crossed to the west side of the river and united with the oth­ers; and they had watched the move­ments of the Eng­lish with­out being dis­cov­ered.  The suc­ceed­ing account is from Mather.

Sep­tem­ber 18, Cap­tain Lothrop, a godly and coura­geous com­man­der, with abou[t] sev­enty men, were sent to be as a guard to some that were com­ing from Deer­field with cart[s] laden with goods and pro­vi­sions, to be removed to Hadley for secu­rity.  But as they wer[e] com­ing, the Indi­ans lurked in the swamps and mul­ti­tudes of them made a sud­den and fright­ful assault.

They seized upon the carts and goods, (many of the sol­diers hav­ing been so fool­ish and secure as to put their arms in the carts, and step aside to gather grapes, which proved dear and deadly grapes to them,) killed Capt. Lothrop and above three score of his men, stripped them of their clothes, and so left them to lie wel­ter­ing in their own blood.

Capt. Mosely, who was gone out [from Deer­field] to range the woods, hear­ing the guns, has­tened to their help, but before he could come, the other cap­tain and his men were slain, as hath been expressed.  Nev­er­the­less he gave the Indi­ans bat­tle; they were in such num­bers as that he and his com­pany were in extreme danger.

In the nick of time, Major Treat with above an hun­dred men, and three score of Uncas his Indi­ans, came in to suc­cor those that were so beset with the enemy, where­upon the enemy presently retreated and night com­ing on, there was no pur­su­ing of them.  In this fight but few of Capt. Mosely’s men were slain.  How many Indi­ans were killed is uncer­tain; it being their man­ner to draw away their dead men as fast as they are killed, if pos­si­bly they can do it.

I am informed that some of the Indi­ans have reported that they lost ninety-six men that day, and that they had above forty wounded, many of whom died after­wards.  How­ever, this was a black and fatal day, wherein there were eight per­sons made wid­ows and six and twenty chil­dren made father­less, all in one lit­tle plan­ta­tion [Deer­field] and in one day; and above sixty per­sons buried in one dread­ful grave.

Major Treat and Capt. Mosely went to Deer­field that night, and returned to Muddy brook the next morn­ing, and buried the dead.

Accounts dif­fer as to the num­ber of Eng­lish slain. The “List of men slain in the county of Hamp­shire” made out by Rev. Mr. Rus­sell, of Hadley, says seventy-one men were slain at Muddy Brook bridge, the 18th of Sep­tem­ber. This state­ment is more to be depended on than any other. It includes all the team­sters that were killed. [Among the Deer­field team­sters named was John Barnard, son of Fran­cis Barnard of Hadley.]

Addi­tional reading:

Posted in Ancestry Information and tagged , , , .

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>

CommentLuv badge